Espand or Esfand is the seeds and dried fruits of Garden Rue or Peganum harmala. This short evergreen plant is endemic to the Mediterranean and the Middle East regions.
It contains antispasmodic effects to heal stomach cramps and to expel parasitic worms. It is antibacterial and is efficient in curing algae or moulds. This herb can treat throat diseases and the flu because of its strong disinfectant property. Espand is also effective in treating vomit and diuretic problems.